Good Governance, Development and Security
The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) is a coalition of political parties led by the Bharatiya Janata Party. The NDA is representative of both national interests and regional aspirations. It is the political reflection of India’s unity in multifaceted diversity, rich pluralism and federalism.
It was formed in March 1998 after the BJP emerged as the largest single party in the elections to the 12th Lok Sabha and, along with its pre-poll and post-poll allies, formed a Government of the NDA under the leadership of Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee. The Government lost the vote in the Lok Sabha on 17 April 1999 by just one vote, and that too a questionable vote. Elections to the 13th Lok Sabha in September-October 1999 were jointly contested by the constituent parties of the NDA, which won a renewed mandate. The second NDA Government served the nation with dedication until May 2004.
The NDA came into being because of an historic need to end the domination of the Congress in Indian politics and thereby restore the people's faith in the democratic process. We are proud that, for the first time in the history of our Republic, the NDA succeeded in fulfilling the resolve of the Indian people to give themselves a stable, strong and progressive non-Congress Government.
NDA’s Mission, Vision and Agenda
The NDA's mission in politics is to build a bond of trust between Government and people. This is the only way a democracy can flourish; but unfortunately has been ignored by the Congress during its prolonged rule.
Therefore, the NDA pledges to the people of India a Government which shares their hopes and anxieties and which will work as partner with all people irrespective of class, caste and religion - not just with a privileged few. This is our contract with the people.
Our vision is one of national renewal with modern programmes of change for a resurgent India.
We reach out to the minorities and even at the cost of repetition proclaim that we will safeguard their rights as enshrined in our Constitution. NDA is the political arm of none other than the Indian people as a whole. No one will be cast aside; fairness and justice will be rendered to one and all and we assure you that there will not be any discrimination.
The Agenda of the National Democratic Alliance affirms the constituent parties’ joint commitment for ending the misrule of the Congress-led UPA Government at the Centre. It rests on the following principles:
- National Security - ensuring full combat effectiveness of our armed forces;
- National Reconstruction - an end to divisiveness and a moratorium on contentious issues;
- Dynamic diplomacy - In service of motherland to obtain for India it's rightful place in the comity of nations;
- Federal harmony - ensuring a partnership of the Centre and States;
- Economic Modernization - harnessing technology for rapid, equitable growth;
- Secularism - the emotional harmony of all Indians and full protection of minorities;
- Social Justice - empowerment of all weaker sections and gender rights;
- Probity - transparency of decision-making and corruption-free governance;
Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee is the Chairman of the NDA. Shri George Fernandes, the veteran Socialist leader who has waged a lifelong struggle against the Congress party, is its Convenor.
On 22 January 2008, the constituant parties of the NDA met in New Delhi and unanimously endorsed Shri L.K. Advani as the alliance’s Prime Ministerial candidate.
Currently, the following parties are members of the NDA. (The figure in the brackets represents the number of MPs elected to the 14th Lok Sabha in May 2004)
- Bharatiya Janata Party (137 MPs)
President: Shri Rajnath Singh
- Shiv Sena - Maharashtra (12 MPs)
President: Shri Balasaheb Thackeray
Working President: Shri Uddhav Thackeray
- Janata Dal (United) (8 MPs)
President: Shri Sharad Yadav
- Shiromani Akali Dal (8 MPs)
President: Shri Prakash Singh Badal
Working President: Shri Sukhbir Singh Badal
At present, Bihar has a coalition Government of JD(U)-BJP, with Shri Nitish Kumar as Chief Minister and Shri Sushilkumar Modi as Deputy Chief Minister.
Orissa has a coalition Government of BJD-BJP, with Shri Naveen Patnaik as Chief Minister.
Shri L.K. Advani on NDA
“I am grateful to all the constituent parties of the National Democratic Alliance for reposing their trust and confidence in me. Together we shall win the elections to the